|Remington Standard Typewriters -- No. 10 and beyond|
|Remington No. 10 / Tilman Elster collection
Remington finally succumbed to years of pressure in 1908 when it released to the market its No. 10 Standard. This machine had been many years in the making; patents for 'visible' machines had been filed by Union Typewriter as early as 1900, and modifications to the Remington line had been considered since that time. Remington apparently chose to squeeze as much out of the old upstrike design as possible before having to retool to produce its visible typewriter, accounting for the delay. During the preceeding years, from 1904 onward Union had been represented in the 'visible' market only by Monarch.
The No. 10 Remington was operationally little different from the preceeding 'blind' No. 8/9 to the typist; in fact, the type-bar mechanism of the No. 10 is a mechanical extrapolation of the action employed in the Remington upstrikes. Operational features so well proven in the upstrikes, such as the front mounted scale and pointer, and single-shift standard four-row keyboard were retained. A true decimal tabulator was added, with four variable sets of stops (varied by rotating the tab stop rack.)
|Remington No. 10S / Tilman Elster collection
The No. 10 Remington had employed individually-hung type bars set up with two interspersed sets of bearings, each of which was essentially separate from the others. This basic concept (of separate bearings) was not only typical of all upstrike machines, but also typical of many new visibles that did not wish to infringe on the Underwood patent which employed a slotted type-bar segment. Some of the new machines did, in fact, employ such an arrangement and either modified it enough to avoid trouble with Underwood or else paid royalties. Eventually, though, the patent on this feature ran out, and the Remington standard machine was modified to incorporate a segment. Here we see a Remington No. 10S; note the large letter "S" on the front of the machine, centered above the uppermost row of keys.
This machine also incorporates a ribbon selector switch with a stencil (cutout) position, which had appeared on the older style No. 10 following about 1911. This example dates from 1926; the conversion to slotted segment occurred in about 1920.
|Remington No. 11 / Tilman Elster collection
As with previous models of Remington, numbers higher than the base machine's model (at the time) indicated an advance in option and in price. In the case of the No. 11 Remington, a decimal tabulator was fitted with 10 different stop positions.
|Remington No. 12 / Tilman Elster collection
In 1922, the revised Remington No. 12 appeared. While it appeared much like the earlier 10 / 11, the machine was totally enclosed for dustproofing. Fold-down doors on the sides of the machine allowed access to the ribbon spools, still mounted in the former horizontal position as on the earlier machines.
|Remington No. 92 / Tilman Elster collection
Again, higher model numbers indicated additional features. This No. 92 Remington is a variant of the No. 12 which types 92 characters, instead of the No. 12's 84 characters. There had been other Remingtons which typed this many characters, but in this case the model number has been used to indicate characters available.
|Remington No. 16 / Will Davis collection
The No. 16 Remington of 1932 incorporates a type-bar mechanism entirely different from that of the No. 10, and although it retains a similar shape to the previous No. 12 is really a different typewriter. The No. 16 is in fact the last of the Remingtons to have the "old style" look; the No. 17 that appeared in 1938 looked every bit as modern as the Smith-Corona and Royal machines introduced about that time. Note the left-hand carriage return on this machine as well.
|Remington No. 17 / Tilman Elster collection
This No. 17 Remington is actually labeled "Remington Portuguesa Ltd." and carries a special keyboard for that language, but nevertheless represents well the 1938 revamping of the entire machine's design and appearance. (This particular machine dates to 1940.)
Since this machine was the first Remington to be not only totally enclosed, but of the new modern shape and style, and since it appeared at about the time the old Monarch-pattern SMITH PREMIER was finally dropped, it could be considered that this is the "new generation" machine; in fact, it was produced before and after the Second World War.
Some machines of this model carry no identification, while others have the model name spelled out as "Remington Seventeen."